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Water Quality Standards

WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE
SURFACE WATERS
GROUND WATER
DRINKING WATER 
BATHING WATER
 
SHELLFISH 
NITRATES 
SEWAGE SLUDGE IN AGRICULTURE
 
DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES 
URBAN WASTEWATER
POTABLE WATER EXTRACTION 
FRESHWATER FISH 
BOTTLED WATER


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Air Quality Standards

Summary of EU Waste Legislation on Packaging and Packaging Waste

Environmental Management Systems

ISO14001:2004 | EMAS | BS8555:2003 | OSHSAS 18001
 

Energy Management Systems

ISO 50001: 2011 Energy Management Systems  
DIRECTIVES 2012/27/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC
S.I. No. 426 of 2014 European Union (Energy Efficiency) Regulations 2014


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DIRECTIVE

2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy

Official Journal

L 327 , 22/12/2000 P. 0001 - 0073

Short Title

Water Framework Directive

Description

Relates to planning for protection and improvement of all waters, including surface water, groundwater, coastal and transitional waters. The directive deals also with artificial water bodies – such as canals – as well as waters whose character is substantially changed by human activity - referred to as heavily modified water bodies (HMWBs).

Key terms used in the act

Inland waters:all standing or flowing water on the surface of theland, and all groundwater on the landward side of the baseline from which+ the breadth of territorial waters is measured.

Surface water: inland waters, except groundwater, transitional waters and coastal waters, except in respect of chemical status, for which territorial waters are also included.

Groundwater: all water which is below the surface of the ground in the saturation zone and in direct contact with the ground or subsoil.

Transitional waters: bodies of surface water in the vicinity of river mouths which are partly saline in character as a result of their proximity to coastal waters but which are substantially influenced by freshwater flows.

Coastal water: surface water on the landward side of a line every point of which is at a distance of one nautical mile on the seaward side from the nearest point of the baseline from which the breadth of territorial waters is measured, extending where appropriate up to the outer limit of transitional waters.

River basin: the area of land from which all surface run-off flows through a sequence of streams, rivers and, possibly, lakes into the sea at a single river mouth, estuary or delta.

River basin district: the area of land and sea, made up of one or more neighbouring river basins together with their associated groundwaters and coastal waters, which is identified under Article 3(1) as the main unit for management of river basins.

Implemented by

S.I. 722/2003 European Communities (Water Policy) Regulations 2003

River Basin District -

Copies of the draft plans are available on the websites of each River Basin District.

View Map of River Basin districts  42kB 



DIRECTIVE

2008/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on environmental quality standards in the field of water policy, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directives 82/176/EEC, 83/513/EEC, 84/156/EEC, 84/491/EEC, 86/280/EEC and amending Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

Official Journal

OJ L 348, 24.12.2008, p. 84–97

Short Title

Priority Substances Directive - Surface Waters

Description


Implemented by

S.I. No. 272/2009 — European Communities Environmental Objectives (Surface Waters) Regulations 2009

Parameters

 pdf filepdf 231kB | HTML 571kB


View European Commission Drinking Water Directive Overview

DIRECTIVE

98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption

Official Journal

OJ L 330, 5.12.1998, p. 32–54

Short Title

Drinking Water

Description

Relates to quality of water intended for human consumption

Implemented by

S.I. No. 278/2007— European Communities (Drinking Water) (No. 2) Regulations 2007

These Regulations prescribe quality standards to be applied, and related supervision and enforcement procedures in relation to supplies of drinking water, including requirements as to sampling frequency, methods of analysis, the provision of information to consumers and related matters.

  • Section 1 Parameters for which Methods of Analysis are Specified
  • Section 2 Parameters for which Performance Characteristics are Specified
  • Section 3 Parameters for which no Method of Analysis is Specified


View European Commission Groundwater Current legislative framework

DIRECTIVE

Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy

2006/118/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the protection of groundwater against pollution and deterioration

Offical Journal

2006/118/EC L 372/19, 27.12.2006

2000/60/EC OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1–73

Short Title

Groundwater

Description

This new directive establishes a regime which sets underground water quality standards and introduces measures to prevent or limit inputs of pollutants into groundwater. The directive establishes quality criteria that takes account local characteristics and allows for further improvements to be made based on monitoring data and new scientific knowledge.

Implemented by

S.I. No.9 of 2010   - European Communities Environmental Objectives (Groundwater) Regulations, 2010

Parametrs & Values

pdf file pdf  153kB   | HTML 371kB


VIEW European Commission Bathing Water Quality    

DIRECTIVE

2006/7/EC of the European Parliament and of the Councilof 15 February 2006 concerning the management of bathing water quality and repealing Directive 76/160/EEC with effect from 31 December 2014. 

Official Journal

OJ L 64 of 4.3.2006

Short Title

Bathing Water

Description

Relates to quality of water for bathing and protection of bathing areas by their designation

Implemented by

S.I. No. 155/1992— Quality of Bathing Waters Regulations, 1992

S.I.  79/2008 Bathing Water Quality Regulations 2008

Parameters & Quality Values

pdf file PDF 180kB | HTML 227B


 

DIRECTIVE

2006/113/ECof the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the quality required of shellfish waters

Official Journal

OJ L 376 of 27.12.2006 P. 0014 - 0020

Short Title

Shellfish

Description

The Directive concerns the quality of shellfish waters, i.e. the waters suitable for the development of shellfish (bivalve and gasteropod molluscs).  It applies to those coastal and brackish waters which need protection or improvement in order to allow shellfish to develop and to contribute to the high quality of shellfish products intended for human consumption.

Implemented by

S.I. 268/2006 European Communities (Quality of Shellfish Waters) Regulations 2006 

S.I. No. 55/2009 — European Communities (Quality of Shellfish Waters) (Amendment) Regulations 2009

Shellfish Waters Mandatory & Guide Values

pdf file pdf 114kB  | HTML


VIEW European Commission Nitrates Directive

DIRECTIVE

91/676/EEC of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources

Official Journal

OJ L 375, 31.12.1991, p. 1–8

Short Title

Nitrates

Description

Relates to management of farm wastes and run off to protect surface water and groundwater

Implemented by

S.I. No. 101/2009— European Communities (Good Agricultural Practice For Protection of Waters) Regulations 2009

These Regulations revoke, and re-enact with amendments, the European Communities (Good Agricultural Practice for Protection of Waters) Regulations, 2006 and 2007. These Regulations come into effect on 31 March 2009.  These Regulations provide strengthened statutory support for the protection of waters against pollution from agricultural sources e.g. by phosphorus or nitrogen. The Regulations require the avoidance of careless practices by farmers, which create a risk of causing pollution and provide for inspections by local authorities.

EU Fact Sheet

Fact sheet on the Nitrates Directive  427kB




DIRECTIVE

 86/278/EEC of 12 June 1986 on the protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture

Official Journal L 377 , 31/12/1991 P. 0048 - 0054

Short Title

Sewage Sludge in Agriculture

Description

Provides for disposal of sewage sludge to agricultural lands

Implemented by

S.I. No. 267/2001— Waste Management (Use of Sewage Sludge in Agriculture) (Amendment) Regulations, 2001

Parameters & Quality Values

pdf file pdf 72kB | HTML

DIRECTIVE

2006/11/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 15 February 2006 on pollution caused by certain dangerous substances discharged into the aquatic environment of the Community

Short Title

Dangerous Substances (replaces 76/464/EEC)

Description

Defines Standards for Phosphorus in waters Control of discharges to the aquatic  environment

Implemented by

S.I.684/2007 Waste Water Discharge (Authorisation) Regulations 2007


 DIRECTIVE

91/156/EEC  of 18 March 1991 amending Directive 75/442/EEC on waste

Short Title

Waste Directive (replaces 75/442/EEC)

Description

Provides for prevention of odour and noise emissions from wastewater treatment facilities

Implemented by

S.I. 787/2005 European Communities (Waste Water Treatment) (Prevention Of Odours And Noise) Regulations 2005


 DIRECTIVE

98/15/EC  of 27 February 1998 amending Council Directive 91/271/EEC with respect to certain requirements established in Annex I thereof

Short Title

Urban Wastewater (replaces 91/271/EEC)

Description

Provides standards for treatment for urban waste water

Implemented by

S.I. 254/2001 Urban Waste Water Treatment Regulations, 2001

S.I. 440/2004 Urban Waste Water Treatment (Amendment) Regulations, 2004

Parameter & Quality Values pdf file pdf 81kB | HTML

DIRECTIVE

74/440/EEC of 16 June 1975 concerning the quality required of surface water intended for the abstraction of drinking water in the Member States

These Regulations prescribe quality standards and methods and frequencies of analysis for surface fresh water used or intended for use in the abstraction of drinking water. The Regulations give effect to Council Directives No. 75/440/EEC

Official Journal

OJ L 194, 25.7.1975, p. 26–31

Short Title

Drinking Water Abstraction Directive

Description

Defines various quality standards for waters for abstraction of potable supplies

Implemented by

S.I. 294/1989 European Communities (Quality Of Surface Water Intended For The Abstraction Of Drinking Water) Regulations, 1989

Quality Standards & Parameters

pdf filepdf 148kB  |  html 269kB


DIRECTIVE 

78/659/EEC of 18 July 1978 on the quality of fresh waters needing protection or improvement in order to support fish life

Official Journal OJ L 222, 14.8.1978, p. 1–10

Short Title

Fresh water fish

Description

Defines quality standards for surface waters to protect fish life

Implemented by S.I. No. 293/1988 — European Communities (Quality of Salmonid Waters) Regulations, 1988.
Quality Values  pdf file PDF  112kB | HTML 73kB



DIRECTIVE 

2003/40/EC of 16 May 2003 establishing the list, concentration limits and labelling requirements for the constituents of natural mineral waters and the conditions for using ozone-enriched air for the treatment of natural mineral waters and spring waters

Official Journal L 126 , 22/05/2003 P. 0034 - 0039

Short Title

Bottled Water

Description

These Regulations set certain requirements in respect of the exploitation, treatment, packaging and marketing of bottled waters and also include requirements in relation to labelling and various parametric values.

Implemented by

S.I. No. 225 of 2007 European Communities (Natural Mineral Waters, Spring Waters and Other Waters in Bottles or Containers) Regulations 2007

Paramaters & Quality Values


pdf file pdf 245kB | HTML  219kB


Air Quality Standards

Air Quality Standards in S.I. No 244 of 1987.

  • Air Quality Standards for Sulphur Dioxide
  • Air Quality Standards for Suspended Particulates
  • Air Quality Standards for Nitrogen Dioxide
  • Air Quality Standards for Lead

New Air Quality Standards in S.I. No.271 of 2002.

  • Air Quality Limit Values and Alert Thresholds Stipulated in the Air Quality Standard Regulations (S.I. No. 271 of 2002).
  • Limit Values for Sulphur Dioxide
  • Limit Values for Nitrogen Dioxide and Oxides of Nitrogen
  • Limit Values for Particulate Matter
  • Limit Values for Lead
  • Limit Values for Benzene
  • Limit Values for Carbon Monoxide

DIRECTIVE  

96/62/EC of 27 September 1996 on ambient air quality assessment and management

Official Journal L

296 , 21/11/1996 P. 0055 - 0063

Short Title

Air Quality Framework Directive

Description

Provides standards for ambient air quality

Implemented by

S.I. 271/ 2002


DIRECTIVE  

 2004/107/EC

Short Title

Air Quality Standards

Description

Relates to standards for Cadmium, Arsenic, Mercury, Nickel and PAHs

Parameter Guideline Values

S.I. 271/2002 - Schedule

Implemented by

S.I. 58/2009


DIRECTIVE

1999/32/EC

 

Short Title

Sulphur content of gas oil

Description

Prescribes levels of sulphur in heavy fuels and gas oils

Implemented by

S.I. 119/2008


 DIRECTIVE

2004/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 on the limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds due to the use of organic solvents in certain paints and varnishes and vehicle refinishing products and amending Directive 1999/13/EC



OJ L 143, 30.4.2004, p. 87–96

Short Title


VOC Paints Directive

Description


Limits emissions of VOCs from painting processes

For the paints, the Directive sets up two sets of limit values for the maximum contents of VOCs in grammes per litre of the product ready for use. The first set of limit values shall apply from 1 January 2007. The second, and stricter, set of limit values apply from 1 January 2010. See Annex II A.

For vehicle refinishing products there is only one set of limit values for the VOC contents, which applies from 1 January 2007. See Annex II B.

Implemented by


S.I. 199/2007

DIRECTIVE 

97/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 1997 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines to be installed in non-road mobile machinery

Official Journal

Official Journal L 059 , 27/02/1998 P. 0001 - 0086

Short Title

Air pollution from non-road motors

Description

Relates to provision of efficient motors in non road machinery

Implemented by

S.I. 147/2007 


 DIRECTIVE

 

2003/17/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 March 2003 amending Directive 98/70/EC relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels

Official Journal

L 076 , 22/03/2003 P. 0010 - 0019

Short Title

Air Pollution

Description

Specification for diesel and petrol fuels

Parameter Guideline Values

S.I. 541/2003 - Schedule

Implemented by

S.I.202/2004


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Environmental Management Systems

ISO 14001:2004  
Environmental Management System specification developed by the International Standards Organisation (ISO). ISO 14001:2004 provides a framework for an organisation to control the environmental impact of its activities, products and services. 

This International Standard is beneficial for any organisation that wishes to

  • establish, implement, maintain and improve an environmental management system.
  • assure itself and other parties of conformity with its stated environmental policy.
  • demonstrate conformity with this International Standard by seeking certification/registration of its environmental management system by an accredited auditing body.

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EMAS - Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
EMAS is the EU’s voluntary scheme designed for companies and other organisations committing themselves to evaluate, manage and improve their environmental performance.

It is defined by Regulation No.
1221/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2009 on the voluntary participation by organisations in a Community eco-management and audit scheme (EMAS) [pdf file1.49MB]

The aim of EMAS is to recognise and reward those organisations that continuously improve their environmental performance and go beyond their minimum legal compliance.

  • EMAS provides organisations with a quality label for voluntary environmental management, internal efficiency, environmental communication and transparency.
  • EMAS is a symbol of environmental excellence
  • EMAS is a clear and verifiable way of showing commitment to improving environmental performance.
  • EMAS provides a systematic framework for setting targets, and measuring, monitoring and reporting on performance.
  • EMAS helps to obtain a more sustainable use of resources
  • EMAS assists with the communication of information on environmental performance and can add considerable value and improve market reputation.

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 Comparsions EMAS and ISO 14001:2004 [pdf file3.76MB] 

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BS 8555
:2003
 -  Guide to the phased implementation of an environmental management system including the use of environmental performance evaluation.
This standard developed by the British Standards Institute (BSI) specifies a phased system for the implementation of an Environmental Management System and has been designed with small to medium-sized businesses specifically in mind.  It breaks down the process of gaining ISO 14001 or EMAS into six clear steps. It provides an SME with a phased approach to implementing an EMS and gives them better control over the process.

The six phases of BS 8555:

  • Commitment and establishing the baseline
  • Identifying and ensuring compliance with legal and other requirements
  • Developing objectives, targets and programmes
  • Implementation and operation of the EMS
  • Checking, audit and review
  • EMS acknowledgement (getting ISO 14001 and/or EMAS)

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OHSAS 18001: 2007
This is an international occupational health and safety management system.  It is complimentary to and, intended to be used in conjunction with, ISO 14001 It would be an aid to business (especially in the pharmachem, food and engineering sectors) seeking an auditable, certifiable system as an effective control of health and safety in the workplace.
OHSAS 18001 has been developed to be compatible with the ISO 9001 Quality Management System)and ISO 14001 Environmental  management systems standards, in order to facilitate the integration of quality, environmental and occupational health and safety management systems by organizations, should they wish to do so.

What are the benefits of OHSAS 18001 registration?

  • Customer satisfaction - through delivery of products that consistently meet customer requirements whilst safeguarding their health and property
  • Reduced operating costs - by decreasing down-time through incidents and ill health and reducing costs associated with legal fees and compensation
  • Improved stakeholder relationships - by safeguarding the health and property of staff, customers and suppliers
  • Legal compliance - by understanding how statutory and regulatory requirements impact the organization and its customers
  • Improved risk management - through clear identification of potential incidents and implementation of controls and measures
  • Proven business credentials - through independent verification against recognized standards
  • Ability to win more business - particularly where procurement specifications require certification as a condition to supply

Click here for further information on Environmental Management Systems


Energy Management Standard 

ISO 50001:2011 (Energy Management Systems)

ISO 50001:2011 (Energy Management Systems), which replaces I.S. EN 16001:2009, was published in June 2011.

ISO 50001:2011 is a voluntary international framework for the effective and sustainable management of energy in any business large or small.  Implementation of this standard will assist organizations in reducing energy use through the utilisation of international best practices, measurement and reporting disciplines, continuous improvement and promoting energy efficiency throughout the supply chain.

Organisations of all types and sizes can benefit from energy and cost efficiencies through the implementation of this standard.

DOWNLOAD Summary of changes between EN 16001:2009 and ISO 50001:2011 [pdf file1.1MB
 
ISO 50001:2011 requires organisations to:

  • Continually improve energy performance, including energy efficiency, energy use and consumption;
  • Define their energy policy and document an energy planning process;
  • Review energy use, consumption and efficiency at defined intervals;
  • Document the methodology and criteria used to develop the Energy Review considering facilities, equipment, systems or processes;
  • Establish an energy baseline and identify EnPIs (Energy Performance Indicators) appropriate for monitoring and measuring it’s energy performance;
  • Establish, implement and maintain documented Energy Objectives and Targets.

An effective energy management system based on ISO 50001:2011 provides an organisation's top management with a roadmap which allows them to:

  • Minimise energy usage.
  • More effectively meet legislative and regulatory requirements and therefore be viewed more favourably by regulators.
  • Provide an opportunity to systematically plan, control and monitor operational activities and processes that may impact on energy usage.
  • Incorporate energy efficiency in the planning of all new investments.

DOWNLOAD NSAI Detailed Guide ISO 50001 [pdf file 416kB]

Implementing the Energy Efficiency Directive – Commission Guidance [COM(2013) 762] 

BPG Energy Management Systems [pdf 224kB]


DIRECTIVE

DIRECTIVES 2012/27/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC

Official Journal

OJ L 315, 14.11.2012, p. 1–56

Short Title

 European Union (Energy Efficiency) "EED"

Description

It lays down rules designed to remove barriers in the energy market and overcome market failures that impede efficiency in the supply and use of energy, and provides for the establishment of indicative national energy efficiency targets for 2020.

Implemented by

S.I. No. 426 of 2014 European Union (Energy Efficiency) Regulations 2014

The 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive establishes a set of binding measures to help the EU reach its 20% energy efficiency target by 2020. Under the Directive, all EU countries are required to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain from its production to its final consumption.

 







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 19 AUGUST 2015